Ink has been used for 5,000 years with the Chinese using ink to darken the raised surfaces of stones for pictures and writings. Other cultures also used inks made from local resources such as berries, minerals and plants. Europeans prior to the Renaisance used inks for drawings on sheepskin parchments. The famous India ink first creat in India was black, whereas India inks made in Renaissance Europe with its golden brown tones were made from walnuts or iron-gall nuts.
Today, inks are still used in many artistic expressions from pen and ink drawings, calligraphy, printmaking, screen printing, printing, and tattoos, among other uses.